Fellows 2010

FatimaFatima Alwahaidy (Palestine)

Women and Peace Building: The Case of Palestinian Women.

This project proposal explores the roles women have played in peace building processes and argues why it is necessary to include them. She focuses in particular on the case of Palestinian women during the Palestinian – Israeli conflict and peace negotiations. She argues that it is necessary to involve women in the peace process as they often see alternative ways for organizing security and building peace by challenging male definitions of security and war. The inclusion of women is also necessary to make sure the needs of women are addressed in the peace agenda. The history of the Palestinian women‘s movements is traced and how women have largely been excluded from peace negotiations. A number of suggestions and proposals are outlined for how women could be included in the peace negotiations. 

 

Dima

Dima Saleh (Palestine)

Palestinian Islamic Family Law: Is it a Religious Issue or Patriarchy or Both?

The project proposal looks at the Islamic family law and the complicated situation in Palestine but there are different laws being applied in the West Bank courts and in the Gaza Strip courts. The proposal analysis these laws including those on polygamy and divorce and their consequences for the lives of women and women‘s rights as well as the importance different women‘s movements have placed on changing these laws. On the basis of the analysis several suggestions are made regarding how to change the legal situation in Palestine so that women‘s human rights are respected.

 

 

Abed

Abedelmonem Tahrawy (Palestine)

Sexual Abuse Inside the Palestinian Family.

This project proposal discusses and analysis sexual abuse in Palestinian families (West Bank, Gaza strip and Western Jerusalem). The proposal bases its analysis on statistics gathered by the Palestinian Center for Democracy and Conflict Resolution and covers the years 2007 to 2009. This is a problem that sofar has received limited attention in Palestine and little is known about the prevalence of sexual abuse in Palestinian families. It is argued that this problem has largely been silenced. However, the statistics show that sexual violence in families is a real problem with serious psychological and social effects. The project proposal points out the lack of resources for dealing with this problem and makes several suggestions for how to counter it.

 

Fazil

Fazil Ahmad (Afghanistan)

Girls’ Education Through Community-Based Schools in Hard-to-Reach Villages in Faryab Province, Afghanistan

The project proposal analyses the problem of girls‘ illiteracy in Afghanistan but there is huge disparity in education status between male and female particularly in remote rural and difficult-to-reach villages. The total literacy rate above the age of 15 is 26% (39% for men are literate compared to 12% of women). The project outlines some of the main barriers to girls‘ education. A community based school is proposed to counter this problem and the different steps that need to be taken to achieve this outlined.

 

 

 

Fatima-Hossaini

Fatima Hussaini (Afghanistan)

How can Child Marriage be reduced in Afghanistan?

 Early marriage is one of the main issues that victimize girls between the age of 7 – 18 years old. Studies indicate that girls are not the only victims of such traditions but boys who also marry at a very young age, suffer from that. There are many factors which cause early marriage phenomena in the Third World countries such as poverty, illiteracy, poor health care, customs, religion etc. Statistics show that the majority of girls who marry under the legal age live in poor countries. Girls who are forced to get married under the legal age, tend to become immediately pregnant, during their pregnancy suffering of malnutrition, access to clean water and shortage of proper health care. Thus, there is a high number of maternal mortality and abortion. Early marriage affects the young mothers from different aspects. For example they are firstly sexually abused and psychologically depressed. Meanwhile early pregnancies is a common issue among those women as they do not have any sexual education, access to contraceptions and health care system. This paper intends to concentrate on early marriage in Afghanistan, one of the countries with a high rate of early marriage. 

 

Ghotai

Ghotai Sahibyan (Afghanistan)

Women‘s Political Participation in Afghanistan.

The aim of this project is to find ways to increase women’s political participation as candidates and voters in elections in Afghanistan. The questions asked are: Are women full citizens in Afganistan?  What does it take for a woman to stand for political office and to get into political leadership i.e. party leaders, cabinet position, mayors or head of state? Can civil society be activated to improve the  situation? The assignment is an analysis of the current situation of low participation of women in public life in Afghanistan. In addition to academic writings and reports, it is grounded in the author’s own personal experience and knowledge, as I have been an insider and observer of the situation for the past 14 years.