Fellows 2011

Susan

Susan Asio (Uganda)

How Women War Survivors of Sexual Gender Based-Violence (SGBV) can have a Role in the Peace-Building and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Process. (A Case of Northern Uganda).

This project looks at the need for involvement of women war survivors of sexual gender-based violence (SGBV) in the peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction processes in Northern Uganda. Men and women suffer from armed conflict differently and the specific needs of women SGBV survivors, such as treatment to gynaecological and surgical complications, HIV/AIDS testing, counselling and treatment, treatment to psychological distress and trauma cases, sustainable sources of livelihood or economic empowerment, resettlement into their former homes or villages as well as child and maternal health care, are often ignored by policy makers. This has resulted in the death of many of these women and their children, rejection by community members, extreme poverty, high rates of trauma cases, domestic violence and insecurity. In Northern Uganda, United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1325 has been used as an advocacy tool for women’s active and full participation in peace-building and decision-making processes. This project recommends a series of ways that the Uganda Government can strengthen the implementation of this Resolution 1325 to assure continued progress in the status of women SGBV survivors.

Moses

Moses Sebbale (Uganda)

Sexual Violence against Men in Northern Uganda: Sexual Violence Among Male Youth (15-20 years) in Pader District

Rape and sexual violence committed against men in Uganda is believed to be widespread (UN OCHA, 2008). However, inconsistent definitions of rape, different rates of reporting, recording, prosecution and conviction of rape create controversial statistical disparities. Very few organizations are assisting male survivors of sexual violence, focusing almost solely on women (IRIN, 2011). Voices of male victimized minorities have remained isolated and without a concrete collective voice of a constituency of men, NGOs or humanitarian agencies to challenge the status quo. In light of this, this project seeks to champion campaigns geared towards reducing sexual violence against male- youth (15-20years old) in northern Uganda, through methods such as community dialogues for youth at the grassroots level, training and sensitizations for in-school youths, local language radio programs, and continued networking with youth organizations. This will contribute to the reduction of violence against male youth, influence policies to also focus on male sexual violence and foster change in attitude towards male survivors of sexual violence among communities.

Hadijah

Hadijah Namuddu (Uganda)

Analysing the role of Government and Civil Society Organisations in Gender Responsive Budgeting in Uganda.

This essay analyses the role played by Government and Civil Society Organisations towards Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) in Uganda and establishes how it has impacted on the livelihood of women and men, boys and girls.

A budget is the single most important policy tool of government, as it affects the successful implementation of all other policies. GRB ensures that the needs and interests of women and men, girls and boys are addressed in the national budget.

GRB has been one of the international strategies used to realise gender equality through government budgets. In this essay, it is argued that GRB is necessary because it helps in alleviating poverty more effectively, enhancing accountability, transparency and economic efficiency. In Uganda, GRB has been in practice for over a decade now and the main key players are the government and civil society organisations. The essay further highlights the achievements so far reached such as implementing a gender and equity budget plus the introduction of the Budget Call Circulars by the Ministry of Finance & Economic Planning, collective participation of all the key players and the alternative gender senstive budgets produced by the civil society organisations and used in comparision with the government budget to identify gender gaps. However there are still challenges to GRB in Uganda, for instance; government institutions still lack the committement to intergrate gender issues in their sector plans and budgets, there is a lack of gender disaggregated data and understanding all the concepts of GRB and its application remains a challenge. This essay recommends strengthening levels of transparency, accountability and good governance through the collective participation of all key players in budgeting processes to help achieve a satisfactory GRB in Uganda.

Rosalia

Rosália Pedro (Mozambique)

Gender and Desertification in Mozambique

Mozambique is already experiencing desertification. Rising temperatures are shifting rainfalls patterns that have impacts on crops growth, increases risk diseases, desertification and water scarcity. Some actions for combating desertification and coping with droughts are taking place within the country, but those are in isolation and a holistic approach is missing. The situation of women in the country is characterized by difficulties related to factors such as economic strength, the rigidity of gender roles socially assigned to them, access to education, health, and other resources including credit, land ownership and low participation in decision-making bodies.

This project aims to combat desertification in Chicualacuala district and promote sustainable food production techniques at 30% of the female headed households by 2015 and it will be implemented by the Ministry for Coordination of Environmental Action (MICOA) and the Ministry Of Agriculture (MINAG) at central level and the technicians of the Provincial Directorate for Coordination of Environmental Action in Gaza (DPCAG), technicians of the Provincial Directorate of Agriculture (DPAG), the Sustainable Development Center for Natural Resources (CDS-RN), the Chicualacuala District Government and the local women grassroots organization.

The project will focus on the following activities:

  • Advocacy and sensitization of the Chicualacuala local Government on gender, climate change and desertification;
  • Update of the district profile with sex disaggregated data;
  • Training workshops for technical staff and female headed households on gender, land restoration and sustainable food production techniques.

 

Ester

Ester Maceda Sumbana (Mozambique)

Closing the Gap: Implementation of the National Plan to Address Domestic Violence against Women in Mozambique

According to the UN Women (2011): “Violence against women and girls is one of the world’s most widespread human right violations. It cuts across boundaries of age, race, culture, wealth and geography. And it happens everywhere: at home and at work, on the streets and in schools, during times of peace and conflict. Up to 70% of women and girls in the world will be beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused in their lifetime”

The UN Women (2011) also states that: “Violence against women and girls, as one of the gender based violence issues, can be systematically addressed, reduced and, with persistence, eliminated if we have all sectors working together, with a clear and unique message to address to the people”.

In Mozambique several activities are taking place in order to eliminate violence in general and domestic violence against women in particular. Both, the government and the civil society have addressed the issue in many ways for example in their national plans and by making efforts to implement the law about domestic violence against women. However, there is not an efficient coordination between them, which is why this project intends to close the gap in the implementation of the several national plans that aim to eliminate the domestic violence. Better coordination will be accomplished when all sectors work together and address their plans and projects in domestic violence issues in the same way. During and at the end of the project, they should be able to identify how the project can be improved.

Khaled

Khaled Mansour (Palestine)

Applying Women’s Quota in West Bank Refugees Camp Popular Committees

More than two hundred thousand Palestinian refugees, men and women are denied their right to select their representatives in the West Bank refugees’ camps local authorities. The only way to ensure that women specific needs and interests are considered and reflected in the camps local authorities is through women quota. This project aims to apply Local Councils elections law that guarantees at least twenty percent quota for women representatives. This quota has already been applied in all other types of localities in the West Bank. Raising the issue with top Palestinian Authority officials and gender sensitizing them is essential for ensuring that the Local Council election law is implemented in West Bank refugee camps. This project also includes a range of capacity building activities, and suggests different measures for creating gender sensitive working environment in the camps local authorities.

Joline

Jolin Zaghloul (Palestine)

The Rights of Female Inmates in Palestinian prisons: Theory and Practice

The fact that Palestine is not a sovereign state and still under occupation, does not mean that the human rights in general and women’s rights specifically could be violated. Also signing or approving on agreements and conventions does not necessarily mean that the status of women’s rights are in safe. There is a huge difference between the texts and the reality. This essay is just a simple try to detect women’s violations that occur inside prisons , and what do they experience both inside and outside prisons. As it also shows that the domestic laws is not going along with the commitments that the Palestinian authority have made by ratifying CEDAW. This requires work to repeal any laws or legislation or regulations in conflict with the statement in terms of the agreement ratified by the Authority, as well as the application of the Palestinian judiciary in its provisions as addressed by the Convention in several aspects related to women's rights and protection from all forms of discrimination and violence. Approving Convention doesn't mean that it is in forced, but this requires practical steps and concrete at the legislative, administrative and procedural level, otherwise, it will remain without any value.