Fellows 2015

Ivan Titosse

Ivan Dioclésio Titosse (Mozambique)

Masculinity and Community: Mitigating Domestic Violence against Women in Matola through Men’s Education and Community Involvement using Gender Transformative Approach

This project focuses on reducing instances of domestic/intimate partner violence in the community of Matola, Mozambique. It aims to improve the lives of women through the education of men and community leaders, which will lead to a transformation of community values. It uses a theoretical framework of masculinity to underline that aggressive and risk behaviour in men is due to a process of socialization. By using a Gender transformative Approach the project will educate men by providing training, counselling and awareness-raising. It will also encourage community leaders to support survivors of violence. The expected outcome of this project is a significant reduction in the instances of domestic/intimate partner violence in Matola, Mozambique.

 

Limbani Phiri

Limbani Zakeyo Phiri (Malawi)

Engaging Men in Combating and Reducing Gender Based Violence: Upscaling and Developing “Men for Gender Equality Now” Initiatives in Chitipa District

The Government of Malawi (GoM) acknowledges that gender based violence (GBV) is a severe impediment to poverty reduction and socio-economic development. However, most GBV interventions only targeted women, and lacked a focus on men, thereby creating a huge gap, some have argued, has that significantly contributed to limited impact of most GBV interventions. The proposed intervention will therefore focus on promoting the engagement of men as a strategy of combating GBV and promoting gender equality. The project will use Theory of Change and the following strategies: capacity building of key GBV service providers; mobilization men in combating GBV; strengthening GBV survivor support programme; developing a mass media campaign; improving collaboration and networking as well as community based monitoring. The project will complement Malawi Human Rights Resource Centre´s project on Gender Equality and Women Empowerment in the target district, which also has a component of male involvement. The Men for Gender Equality Now (MEGEN), established in 2001, will provide the platform for the implementation of the project, upscaling initiatives it has been involved in over the last few years. It is estimated that the project would require USD 160,263 to be implemented within a time frame of two years.

 

Lusungu Kayira

Lusungu Zinzile Kayira  (Malawi)

Social Work in Malawi: Career Development in Female Youth

This project aims to reduce the problem of unemployment and underemployment amongst young women in the field of social work in Malawi, through internship. The program will address three pillars key to social work and professionalism; counselling, community work and work ethics. Young women in rural areas face a number of obstacles when it comes to enhancing their skills in social work and obtaining or securing employment after graduation. These include cultural attitudes and stereotypes of gender as well as poverty. The project has adopted the theory of change approach for project implementation, and will therefore involve different stakeholders in each and every activity. Stakeholders include: Media, Civil Society Organisations, Ministries of Gender, Child, Disability and Social Welfare, Education and Youth and Development, University departments of Social Work in Public and Private Universities, policy makers, and the local community. The involvement of beneficiaries as partners of the project will secure sustainability of the project. The main objective of the project is to provide skills development training for female social work university students through internship, the specific objectives include: Interns developing identified skills within the two month timeframe of the internship, identifying training venues and opportunities for young women in 20 non-profit organisations and 50 female students participating in the internship program every year.

 

Martha Mtenje

Martha Eveness Mtenje (Malawi)

Women’s Representation and Participation in Decisions Making Position: The Case of Malawi Public Service

The focus of this essay is to highlight the negative impact of trivialisation of gender mainstreaming in human resource functions which is making gender issues to be unnoticeable thereby negatively impacting on women in the public service. Specifically, the aim is to challenge systems and processes which perpetuate the gendered power asymmetries in the public service which take the form of underrepresentation and; low and poor participation of women in decision making echelons and processes that influence national policy direction. The overall goal is to make gender an integral part of all strategic functions thereby positively contributing to improving the status and profile of women as we strive towards gender equality in the public service. Desk research has revealed that the existing gender imbalances are a result of several challenges such as existing gap between legal frameworks and policies, lack of clear objectives and standards of performance on gender mainstreaming efforts, lack of monitoring and evaluation to ensure accountability, lack of a reward and sanctions system that recognizes gender mainstreaming efforts and absence of specific targets on women’s representation.
It is against this background that being influenced by public administration and; gender and development theoretical frameworks while emphasising on accountability and results oriented management and gender mainstreaming in strategic systems and processes, a set of recommendations are drawn. Recommendations for improvement are based on best practice approaches in advancing gender equality that have worked in other countries, which can then be adapted and adopted in the Malawian context. These include mainstreaming of gender in strategic planning, increased and improved accountability, use of incentives and harmonizing legislative frameworks and policies have been advocated in this essay in order to ensure consistent and effective implementation and progress towards gender equality.

 

Nadia Shoka

 Nadia N. S. Shoka (Palestine)

Gender-responsive Strategies for Enhancing School Staff Capacity: A Pilot Project for Nine Co-educational UNRWA Schools in West Bank, Palestine

This project aims to promote gender equality in schools run by the United Nation Relief and Work Agency (UNRWA) in the West Bank – Palestine. This will be done through a gender sensitive and responsive in-service teaching training program for schools personnel. The training program with its follow up measures aims to combat and reduce gender bias that is embedded in textbooks as well as teaching methods and style. The project aims to enable teachers to appreciate gender issues embedded in culture and teaching practices as well as responding to different learning and developmental needs of boys and girls in an inclusive manner. The program will provide the staff with skills and competences to address gender issues and to deal with them in order to work toward achieving gender equality in UNRWA schools. The project intends to pilot the staff of nine co-educated schools run by UNRWA which are distributed in its three operational areas in Palestine: Jerusalem, Nablus and Hebron.

 

Shaista de Araújo

Shaista Serena Costa Jose de Araújo (Mozambique)

Violence Against Women and Girls in Public Spaces in Maputo City: The Case of the Luis Cabral Neighbourhood

This project is a proposal to decrease violence against women and girls, a prominent problem in Mozambique. It focuses mainly on violence that occurs in public spaces, and emphasizes the fact that violence against women and girls is invisible in national laws and is not being addressed by the majority of Civil Society Organizations that work on women´s rights issues.
This “invisibility” does not allow for the identification of specific measures to solve this problem. Therefore the project is innovative as it intends to produce results to change the context on the ground trough a project in one of Maputo city’s neighbourhood – Luis Cabral.
A multi-sector partnership with a range of crucial stakeholders, such as the police, justice sector, social action groups, the health sector, municipal authorities, local communities, women and girls’ grassroots organizations, media and the private sector, will be key actors in achieving good results. The project will challenge social and cultural norms based in patriarchal values that discriminate against women and girls while reinforcing male superiority. Considering the capacity of international programmes and projects, it intends to identify the local roots of the problem and address them, with a strong participation of the local community, including women, girls, men and boys. Male engagement in the project will be an important strategy to change discriminatory values and beliefs in order to promote effective behavioural changes and achieve the desired social changes. Based on this initial experience, the project intends in the long term to spread to other neighbourhoods in Maputo city, and other provinces in Mozambique that are experiencing similar problems.

 

Tony Bero

Tony H. M. Bero (Palestine)

Strengthening GBV Preparedness and Prevention in Emergency Situations in Seven UNRWA Refugee Camps in the North Area of West Bank, Palestine

In this project proposal, United Nation Relief and Work Agency (UNRWA) West Bank Field will tackle the issue of gender based violence (GBV) within the refugee populations through a multi-sectorial approach. The overall development goal of the project is to contribute to the reduction of GBV within the Palestinian communities in West Bank, Palestine, and the main goal is to strengthen GBV preparedness and prevention in emergency situations. The three main objectives of this project are (i) to strengthen organizational capacity to address GBV in the context of emergency preparedness; (ii) to develop result based framework (system) for GBV prevention/mitigation processes in emergencies; and (iii) to strengthen participation of target communities and beneficiaries in GBV prevention processes.
The project’s site will be West Bank area in Palestine which has a land area of 5,640 km2, and has an estimated population of 2.79 million of which 1.42 million are males and 1.37 million are females. The primary target beneficiaries of the project are the refugees living in seven refugee camps in the North area of West Bank, Palestine. The seven camps are: (i) Jenin Refugee Camp, (ii) Nur Shams Refugee Camp, (iii) Tulkarm Refugee Camp, (iv) Far’a Refugee Camp, (v) Camp No.1 Refugee Camp, (vi) Askar Refugee Camp, and (vii) Balata Refugee Camp.

 

Victor Maulidi

 Victor Kondwani Maulidi (Malawi)

Women in National Politics and Their Representation in Parliament: Critical Barriers in Malawi

This paper focuses on the critical barriers that have been hindering the increase of representation of women in Parliament in Malawi. The paper discusses this in the context of the political history of Malawi and discusses why increasing the representation of women in parliament is important using a gender analysis and a human rights based approach.
It also highlights the interventions under the 50:50 campaign, which aims at increasing women´s representation in line with the provisions of the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development, and the trends of progress since Malawi became a multi-party democracy in 1994. Lastly, the paper provides some recommendations that need serious consideration in order for Malawi to change the status quo as far as women´s representation in parliament is concerned. 

 

Willy Nkumbi

 Willy Nkumbi (Uganda)

Access to Justice, Rehabilitation and Support of Gender Based Violence Survivors in Kalangala district, Uganda

The project focuses on rehabilitation of gender based violence (GBV) victims and reduction of the prevalence of such violence in Kalangala district. GBV is a huge problem in Kalangala district and Uganda as a whole. The high prevalence is attributed to impunity in handling sexual and gender based violence cases, lack of awareness, drug and alcohol abuse, poverty, patriarchal ideologies, limited access to justice and ignorance among community members. It should be noted that there are no visible projects to reduce GBV in Kalangala supported by either the government or development partners. The goal of the project is to use community-based approach for rehabilitation of the survivors of sexual and gender based violence and to reduce GBV in Kalangala through mobilization and sensitization of its communities. The project will employ a number of interventions including a survey to analyse the problem, gender analysis, community mobilization, advocacy, mass community sensitization programs, skills development, trainings, mobile court system, awareness raising as well as participatory monitoring and evaluation to promote full participation of women as well as men. The project will be implemented by Kalangala district local government through Community Based Services Department. 

 

Zélia dos Santos

Zélia Duda Francisco dos Santos (Mozambique)

SignWiki Mozambique: Improving Access to Mozambique Sign Language

Research on the living conditions of deaf people is lacking in Mozambique as in many other low income countries. Their human rights are often overlooked, and their access to economic and social services remain none existent due to their exclusion in the society. Yet, deaf people are neither targeted as priority by the Government nor in the family. This project is an effort to counteract the marginalization of the Mozambican deaf people by improving their access to Mozambique Sign Language (MSL). Based on new technology and new approaches the project has the potential to increase the accessibility of MSL in a low cost and sustainable manner by introducing SignWiki. The vision behind the SignWiki platform is to contribute towards human development, empowerment and equity for deaf people by strengthening SLs and education through the use of information and communication technologies. SignWiki enables collection, dissemination and analysis of SL resources and knowledge. The project aims to invite universities, researchers and deaf language users to build up a knowledge resource and knowledge sharing on MSL. It will facilitate the participation of deaf people in the process of development of the country, and promote for their inclusion in the Mozambican society.